The New York state officials charged with combating global warming attended the United Nations Climate Change Conference this month in Glasgow, Scotland. They say not enough progress was made, and they hope that New York can lead by example with more ambitious goals.
Doreen Harris is president of NYSERDA, which stands for the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority. Harris said while critics of the summit say it was more talk than action, it had some positive achievements.
“There certainly was value in attending,” she said.
Harris said she was pleased by the decisions to reduce methane emissions by 30 percent by 2030, as well as an agreement to end deforestation by the end of the decade.
But she said it fell short on agreements to reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
“That was an area where I personally had hoped for more progress to be made on a global level,” Harris said.
Climate scientists agree that if the earth’s climate warms by more than 1.5 degrees Celsius, the results will be disastrous. The temperature increase since the beginning of the industrial era is already at 1.1 degrees Celsius.
New York’s Department of Environmental Conservation Commissioner Basil Seggos, who also attended, said the harmful effects of climate change are already being felt in New York and elsewhere. He cited incidents like the intense rainfall earlier this year that led to deadly flooding in Queens, as well as flooding in some upstate areas.
“I’d say we are in peril already,” Seggos said.
- PHOTO PROVIDED BY NYS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
But Seggos said he is optimistic about the progress that individual states, provinces and regions, including New York, are trying to achieve to reduce climate change. He said New York is among 260 “subnationals,” representing more than 1.75 billion people, that are taking stronger steps.
New York’s ambitious goals, set in 2019, include the state sourcing 70 percent of its electricity from renewable energy by 2030, using 100 percent carbon-free electricity by 2040, and reducing greenhouse gases by 85 percent from 1990 levels by 2050.
Seggos and Harris are the co-leaders of the newly formed Climate Action Council, a panel of more than two dozen state agency heads, environmental advocates, and energy industry representatives. It is tasked with devising a road map to carry out the goals, and is working on a draft report due at the end of the year.
Harris said it will be challenging and require some big changes to the economy.
“They’re hard,” Harris said. “They are challenging because they are changing the way in which we live, I would say for the better.”
Blair Horner with the New York Public Interest Research Group, a government reform organization, agrees that the state has set some admirable goals that are far ahead of most other governments. But he said officials need to move faster, and can’t wait to act until the end dates approach.
“You can’t leave it to the last minute,” Horner said. “This is not like a term paper in college that you can just pull an all-nighter and make it happen.”
NYPIRG released a report earlier this year measuring the state’s progress, and found that with nine years left in its goal to have 70 percent of electricity come from renewable sources, the state gets just 27 percent of its energy from renewable sources and just 5 percent from wind or solar. The report also found that New York has reduced greenhouse gas emissions so far by just 13 percent from 1990 levels.
Harris said New York already has 20 major renewable energy projects in the works. And she said the recently enacted federal infrastructure measure, along with proposals in the Build Back Better bill, will help with funding for more clean energy projects.
Seggos said some of the most beneficial decisions the state has made in recent years have been to say “no” to some projects, including banning the hydrofracking of natural gas in 2014, and denying applications for two new gas burning plants.
Karen DeWitt covers Albany for WXXI News, a media partner of CITY.